Growing Coffee Beans and the World

There are a lot of countries that consider coffee as their prime commodity of export. It would also be appealing if one could grow coffee beans on his or her own terms. Growing coffee beans at home is the most gratifying experience. Coffee plants are fairly easy to grow and it can be a coffee book subject while one is discussing its cherry development. Before growing coffee beans, it is better to start at picking the right coffee cherries. So unless, you are in Brazil, Africa, Central America or other countries among the tropics of cancer and Capricorn, it’s best to visit your nearest coffee supplier. You may find green coffee suppliers online too.

It is important to know that germination takes about four months the moment one acquires the cherries. The older seeds germinate longer as compared to the fresh seeds.

A sensible thing in growing coffee beans is pre-germinating it. You must soak the coffee seeds in water for 24 hours. Draining the excess water is the next step; this can be done by sowing the seeds in wet vermiculite or damp sand. Another option is to put the seeds in between the damp and moist coffee sacks where they can be watered and drained two times a day.

To transfer the growing coffee beans, very carefully remove it from the vermiculite, burlap bags, or sand. Make sure you have a stock of crumbly loam soil with humus content because one would dig a hole of 1.25 cm deep. A porous, lightweight soil will do if the former type of soil is not available. Rotted manure or any other organic fertilizers can be added. Then set the seed flat side down in the hole and fill the hole with soil. Press the soil down, make sure that it is not too firm, then place a ½ inch of mulched grass on top to ensure moisture. However, remove the grass once the seed has fully germinated.

Just like any other plant, it is important to water the growing coffee beans everyday. Moderate the water, because too much or too little may kill the seed. Soil must maintain it’s moistness but must be well drained all the time.

The growing beans can be transferred after the germination process to a soil with low acidic and high nitrogen content.