Recent stem cell research and diabetes

Stem cell research and diabetes cure is definitely an ongoing project and it is showing great promise.Stem cell research and diabetes cure is definitely an ongoing project and is showing me diabetes help fantastic promise. The University of Pennsylvania is currently doing clinical trials for a new surgery called Islet Cell Transplantation.

The newest procedure entails transplanting islet cells from a matching donor. Beta islet cells are the cells from the pancreas that secrete insulin. The process is for Type 1 diabetics whose Beta islet cells have already been destroyed and so no insulin is manufactured. These patients have to be on insulin therapy for the remainder of their lives. Considering that the cells are transplanted to the liver, the body after the first transplant can give warning signs once the blood sugar levels are too low. Many Type 1 diabetics haven’t any warning and often just black out which can be hazardous when driving or performing other critical tasks.

Islet cell transplantation cannot treat most cases of Type 2 diabetes but is a possible remedy for the over 700,000 people in the United States who have got Type 1 diabetes. But, presently there are not adequate donors to go around with just around 3,500 donor organs available during the past year. Most patients at present need 2 transplantations to get completely off insulin therapy.

The answer to this challenge is to make islets in the lab making use of stems cells. There is currently research going on using questionable embryonic stem cells as well as stem cells extracted from adults. But as a result of ethical and political debate regarding stem cells this pathway into a cure is moving slowly. People who think that life starts at conception firmly fight embryonic stem cell research as the cells are derived from human embryos which are destroyed during this process. Embryonic stem cells haven’t matured into human cells and have the greatest potential to become any type of cells in the body, including hair, skin, blood, toenail and so forth.

Opponents to this research think that adult stem cells extracted from adult bone marrow is the solution to this challenge. But you will find studies which raise queries about the ability of these cells as therapies.A recently available published study revealed that an intestinal hormone brought on stem cells taken from a pancreas to be islet cells that secrete insulin – these are generally called beta cells, but there is debate over this research and it has not had the opportunity to become reproduced.

Although the research utilizing stem cells is in its infant stages many scientists feel that this research holds the most promise for fulfillment for diabetics in order to stop taking insulin injection after their bodies start producing the hormone normally.Stem cell research and diabetes cure is definitely an ongoing project and is exhibiting great promise in the battle to find a cure for this serious disease.